Horizontal root fracture – anterior teeth

Horizontal root fracture treatment protocol

Horizontal root fracture of the anterior tooth has pretty good survival rates. The treatment options for a horizontal root fracture depend on where the fracture occurs.

Horizontal fractures can last for a long time with a high success rate

The general treatment should be to save the tooth. Apical fractures have great long term survivial rates without any type of treatment at all. Even coronal fractures can do very well if we place a splint. Sheridan JADA 2019 shows a couple of cervical fractures that are decades old.

Horizontal root fracture of the anterior teeth research

10 year survival rates of anterior teeth with a horizontal root fracture correspond to area of fracture Andreasen 2012

  1. 89% for apical fracture
  2. 78% mid root
  3. 67% oblique mid root cervical
  4. 33% cervical

 

Horizontal root fracture causes necrosis of coronal portion and apical portion remains vital Andreasen 1967 and Hitchcock 1985 and Cvek 2004

Treatment is done JUST to the fractured coronal tooth segment leaving the apical alone since usually remains vital Cvek 2004 and Cvek 2008

Treatment is completed with MTA NOT gutta percha.  Many articles on this look at page 25 for list article implantpracticeus.com/continuing-education/ce-articles/415-multi-disciplinary-approach-to-the-treatment-of-traumatic-root-fracture-a-case-study

List of horizontal root fracture splint times

Splint times from AAE

Horizontal root fracture of primary teeth

Due to relatively high survival rates RCT is NOT done as a prophylactic measure for PRIMARY teeth. Flores 2007 IADT guidlines

 

                                                      

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