Flowered dental implant

flowered dental implant

Do you have a flowered dental implant?

Flowered dental implant, huh? Well that sucks. Time to remove it as that is a big dental implant problem.

X-rays of a couple of flowered dental implants.

What is a flowered dental implant?

A dental implant that has flowered is one in which the top portion broke and opened up more the same way a flower opens up. Some brands have this happen more than others if the metal around the coronal (top) portion is thinner. Today more implants are taking advantage of platform switching which makes flowering of the head much less likely.

Image of a flowered dental implant that lost one section of metal.
The arrow is pointing to an area where the metal broke away. There is an out hexagon rim and one section is missing. Also the inner circle has a small chip in the metal that can be seen.
Flowered dental implant photo
This was from fb and shows a dental implant with very thin metal rim which is more prone to fracture.

How do we treat a flowered dental implant?

There is no treatment. The implant is useless at this point and we need to remove it. The tricky part is that since the head is broken nothing will attach to it so you can not reverse torque it out, well not easily. There is a special tool that will allow you to sometimes do this still. It basically taps into the implant and locks in.

Another option for removal of a dental implant is with a trephine drill. This can be pretty invasive depending on how big the implant is.

Finally, you can just drill out a portion of the dental implant. This is the least common method of dealing with a flowered dental implant but does have it’s place. For example in the case seen in Sahl’s JOI 2018 article, there was a good reason not to try to mess with the apical portion of the implant.

Partial removal of a flowered dental implant.

What are the signs that an implant has fractured?

A dental implant that has flowered can often be seen visually after awhile. However, the restoration will get loose, well actually the screw will get loose, before there is visible evidence. A hairline crack will allow for a loose screw but the crack may not be seen. This can result in a screw that continues to loosen over and over again. Small cupping bone loss will be seen on the x-ray after some time.

X-ray showing bone loss from a flowered dental implant.
The cupping bone loss is typical from a flowered dental implant.

Why do dental implants fracture?

Basically it is too much stress or force for the metal implant. Allowing a loose crown and screw to rock on the implant for long periods of time will cause something to break, usually the screw but it could be the implant. Any brand that has a thin metal coronal position will be more prone to fracture. Two examples are Zimmer 6.0 with a 5.7 platform and Biohorizons 5.8 with a 5.7 platform, this last one is seen above. Individuals that are heavy clenchers or grinders are more likely to be supplying the kind of force necessary to flower a dental implant.

Implant fracture of metal rim.
On this implant you can see that one side is fractured but still in place and the other side the metal is gone.
Fractured dental implant photo
Do not see this often but once an implant loses some bone around it, fractures and flowering is more likely.

Impact titanium Grade has on flowering.

Grade 5 is stronger and will fracture less often than Grade 4.